Ice hockey is a team sport played with a puck and a stick. The game involves six players per team and the aim is to score goals. Important rules include positions, puck movement, player contact, and offside violations. Body contact is allowed, but direct contact and striking from behind are illegal. Penalized players are sent to the penalty box.
Ice hockey is a team sport that involves moving a puck into the other team’s goal. Some versions of the sport have been played since the 16th century, but the first official indoor games didn’t take place until the 16th, which is considered the beginning of the modern sport. Some of the more important rules of ice hockey include those relating to positions on the team, how to move the puck, where players may be in relation to the puck, and how players may contact each other.
Each hockey team consists of six players: a goalkeeper, two defenders and three forwards. Forwards often play together as lines, as do defenders. When a replacement is made, the changes are usually made as a whole.
The aim of the game is to shoot the puck into the opponent’s net to score goals. This is done with a long stick with a curved blade at one end. The puck can also be redirected using the body, as long as there is no kicking or pushing. In 1930, a new ice hockey rule was enacted, allowing forward passes and making team play vital to the sport.
One of the key rules of ice hockey during games has to do with “icing the puck,” the act of shooting the puck across the center red line and over the opponent’s red goal line. When ice occurs, play stops and a faceoff takes place in the offending team’s backcourt.
Offside is called when a player from the attacking team precedes the puck into the attacking zone. When an offside violation occurs, a face-off follows. Another separate rule for ice hockey, called an offside pass or two-line pass, is called when a pass made from inside a team’s backcourt crosses the red line. Not all leagues observe the offside pass rule.
In most leagues body contact, including striking and pushing, is permitted as long as they are part of a full body movement. Direct body contact and striking from behind, however, are generally illegal. A player who is penalized is sent to the penalty box for up to five minutes, depending on the severity of the infraction.