M&A: What are they?

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Mergers and acquisitions are common in business to combine resources and provide better goods and services. A merger is a process where two or more companies become one, while an acquisition involves buying out another company. Mergers are generally agreed upon, while acquisitions can be hostile takeovers. Many industries have gone through mergers and acquisitions, including teleconferencing, textiles, food service, and retail.

In the business world, it is not uncommon for various industries to go through a series of mergers and acquisitions as the business landscape undergoes some kind of change. Often, an acquisition or merger is undertaken with the aim of combining resources in order to provide higher quality goods and services to consumers. However, there is a significant difference between a merger and an acquisition.

Mergers and acquisitions, or mergers and acquisitions as they are also known, are two means by which two or more business entities become one larger entity. In the case of a merger, this is usually a process initiated after a long period of evaluation by the respective executives and owners of the companies involved. When the idea is to merge companies, there is often a sense that all parties involved in creating the new, larger entity are equals in the process and will be treated as such as the structure of the new entity is planned and put in place. Operation.

With an acquisition, the scenario is a little different. When a business decides to acquire another business, the process often involves a buyout or purchase of that business. There are not necessarily plans to continue all operations of the acquired company; often the proceeds of the acquisition are absorbed by the resources held by the acquiring company, while the acquired business ceases to exist.

Mergers and acquisitions also tend to differ in another important respect. While mergers are generally situations where all parties want the business combination to occur, this is not necessarily the case with an acquisition. Hostile takeovers are an example of a takeover that is not undertaken with the enthusiastic support of the directors and shareholders of the acquired businesses. At best, there can be a sense of bad acceptance that the takeover will take place, whether or not shareholders and executives want the takeover to happen.

It is not uncommon for many different industries to go through periods where mergers and acquisitions are the norm. During the 1990’s, local and national teleconferencing companies often merged to provide a broader set of services to their customers. The textile industry saw its participation in mergers and acquisitions, especially in the last thirty years of the 20th century. Even industries such as food service and retail go through periods where competitors merge to secure an important share of the consumer market, or where companies are acquired to gain access to assets while minimizing the number of direct competitors within the company. industry.

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