Metal Baler: What is it?

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Metal balers are powerful machines used to reduce the density of scrap metal. They have thicker sidewalls to prevent punctures and can crush with an intensity of approximately 4,000 PSI. They are commonly used in recycling yards and sold to steel mills or industries that produce alloys.

A metal baler is a large, powerful baler made to reduce the density of scrap metal. In addition to being tough, a metal baler needs thicker sidewalls than other balers, because scrap metal can puncture or break through thin sidewalls. Metal balers are most often used to recycle salable scrap metal, because it can be difficult to recycle the metal without crushing it first. The metal is typically organized into two main groups: ferrous, or scrap iron and iron-based, and mixed metal. Each type of shredded scrap is sold, used or recycled in different ways.

Most balers have a lot of crushing force to turn bulk materials into thick, dense lumps, but a metal baler is one of the strongest. This is due to the natural toughness and strength of the metal; if this press were weak, it would not be able to effectively reduce the volume of the metal. The average metal baler can crush with an intensity of approximately 4,000 pounds per square inch (PSI) (275.7 bar).

Not only is a metal baler one of the more durable types, but it also usually has thicker sidewalls. Scrap metal can be sharp, and because it is stronger than most other materials that are crushed, it could puncture the sidewalls of other balers. To ensure that a baler has a long life and that the metal can be properly crushed, the sidewalls of a metal baler are typically two to three times thicker than those of hay or cardboard bales.

The most common location for a metal baler is in a recycling yard, although it can also be used for industrial purposes. While scrap metal is generally refined by melting or crushing, these processes can be difficult with bulk scrap metal. It can also be difficult to transport loose metals and a denser pile will make it easier. Salable scrap metals are generally crushed, while unsalable metals may not be. This is because other metals are usually not worth the effort to be crushed, so they are recycled further as a loose pile.

There are two main groups of salable scrap metal, ferrous and mixed ferrous, and both are used for different purposes. Ferrous metals that have been crushed are typically sold to steel mills, because crushed ferrous iron needs only basic processing before it is suitable as steel. Mixed ferrous are generally ferrous metals combined with other metals, and this is sold to general metal uses or to industries that regularly produce alloys.

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