Pallet standards: types?

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Pallets are platforms used for moving and storing goods. The International Organization of Standardization and American National Standards Institute establish rules for pallet sizes. The European Pallet Association and Australian Pallet Standard also regulate pallet construction. Approved sizes are listed.

A pallet standard is a set of established rules for the creation and safety of pallets. Pallets are platforms, often made from plastic, wood or metal, the most common material being wood. Such platforms are used for moving, storing and transporting goods in a variety of settings. The material used to make one does not affect the standard for length and width. There are several sets of rules for pallet sizes.

The most recognized agencies for establishing such regulations are the International Organization of Standardization (ISO) and the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). The importance of the pallet standard can be related to their use for the storage and transportation of goods. If dimensions aren’t regulated, shipping companies, retail stores, and storage facilities may find it difficult to estimate how many items a given space will hold. Standardization also makes it possible to estimate the total storage capacity of the pallets themselves.

List of approved standard ISO pallet sizes:
48 x 40 pollici (1219 x 1016 mm)
39.37 x 47.24 pollici (1000 x 1200 mm)
44.88 x 44.88 pollici (1165 x 1165 mm)
42 x 42 pollici (1100 x 1100 mm)
43.30 x 43.30 pollici (1067 x 1067 mm)
31.5 x 47.24 pollici (800 x 1200 mm)

List of approved ANSI standard pallet sizes:
48 x 40 pollici (1219 x 1016 mm)
42 x 42 pollici (1067 x 1067 mm)
48 x 48 pollici (1219 x 1219 mm)
40 x 40 pollici (1016 x 1016 mm)
48 x 45 pollici (1219 x 1067 mm)
44 x 44 pollici (1118 x 1118 mm)
36 x 36 pollici (914 x 914 mm)
48 x 36 pollici (1219 x 914 mm)
35 x 45.5 pollici (889 x 1156 mm)
48 x 20 pollici (1219 x 508 mm)

Two other governing bodies that regulate these standards are the European Pallet Association and the Australian Pallet Standard. The dimensions required to build pallets approved for these two standards are usually only used in Europe and Australia. The Australian Pallet was created for use with Railways of Australia Container Express (RACE). The RACE is a shipping container that is larger than the ISO standard shipping container. An Australian pallet measures 46 x 46 inches (1168 x 1168 mm).

The European Pallet Association has stricter regulations for the construction of pallets. The association monitors the size and wood and nails used in the construction of the pallets. There are four approved pallet sizes, but only one differs from the ISO standards. This is the smallest European pallet, measuring 31.5 x 23.6 inches (800 x 600 mm) and is not ISO approved.

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