What’s a VSD (ventricular septal defect)?

A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a common congenital heart defect where the septum dividing the heart’s pumping chambers is incomplete, causing a hole. Large VSDs can cause immediate problems, while small ones may close on their own. Diagnosis involves non-invasive tests, and moderate to large VSDs may require surgery. There is no known definitive […]

What’s a ventricular septal aneurysm?

A ventricular septal aneurysm is a bulge in the ventricular septum, which can be caused by a congenital condition or cardiac trauma. Symptoms include heart murmurs and rapid breathing. Magnetic resonance angiography is used to diagnose it, and surgery is the primary treatment. A ventricular septal aneurysm is a type of heart aneurysm. This type […]

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