Rock climbing equipment varies depending on the type of climbing. Most climbers need a rope, harness, climbing shoes, and carabiners. Climbing pros, such as nuts and cams, are used for protection. Ice climbers use ice screws to attach anchors.
The rock climbing equipment a rock climber will need will vary depending on the type of climbing being done. Some types of rock climbing require more hardware than other types, although nearly all types of rock climbing require similar rock climbing hardware, such as a rope, harness, and specially designed climbing shoes. Specific rock climbing equipment can be designed for a specific activity: ice climbers, for example, will need ice screws, ice axes and crampons, while sport climbers will only need the most basic equipment . Boulderers require even less equipment and may not even need a harness.
The carabiner is the foundational piece of rock climbing equipment, no matter what type of climbing you do. Most climbers own several carabiners of various sizes. These metal rings feature a spring-loaded or movable gate that allows a rope to be passed through the center of the carabiner, known as a “biner” for short. Some containers are equipped with a locking gate to prevent the gate from accidentally opening during use. The size and shape of the carabiner will help determine its best use, as smaller carabiners are best for some types of anchors, while larger ones are useful for belaying or supporting another climber who is passing by. a rope.
Climbing pros, which is short for protection, are pieces of rock climbing hardware that are inserted into cracks and crevices in rocks. These pieces often feature a wire loop at the end, through which a carabiner can be threaded. The carabiner is attached to a piece of fabric webbing and another carabiner is attached to the other end of the webbing. The climbing rope can be passed through this last carabiner, thus creating an effective anchor for the climber. Protection comes in a wide variety of shapes, sizes, and functions; the simplest types are nuts, which are specially shaped metal nubs that fit into small slots. Larger cracks require larger rock climbing hardware called cams, which are spring-loaded and activated by finger lever. These pieces of equipment can contract when placed within a slot and then expand once placed.
Ice climbers and medley climbers – climbers who scale both rock and ice at the same time – will use thin tubes called ice screws to attach anchors. These ice screws are threaded so they can be screwed into the ice, and the tip of the ice screw is usually sharp enough to penetrate the ice. The exposed end of the ice screw will have an opening through which a carabiner can be placed.