What’s a building project?

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Building design plans, created by architects, include functional and decorative elements and must comply with local codes. Professionals involved may include plumbers, electricians, engineers, surveyors, and interior designers. Designs can be functional or highly decorative, and must balance functionality with aesthetics while considering construction costs, energy needs, and usability.

A building project is the plan under which a house or other building is built. This includes both the interior and exterior of the facility. It can include functional elements, such as plumbing and electrical schematics, as well as decorative details, such as finish specifications. Formal building design plans, often called blueprints, are usually created by architects and often need to be submitted to local government agencies before construction can legally begin.

A number of professionals are commonly involved in building design. This includes architects, who commonly draw up the plans, as well as plumbers, HVAC professionals, and electricians. Even complex buildings, such as high-rise apartments or commercial buildings, may require the services of an engineer. You may also need a surveyor to assess the parcel of land you intend to build the structure on, and a landscape architect might develop a plan for the surrounding property. Additionally, an interior designer can select finishes such as flooring, counters, and cabinets.

In some cases, building design is primarily functional. This is especially true for industrial buildings and structures, such as fire stations, schools and police houses. These types of buildings serve very specific functions and designs must incorporate everything necessary to fulfill these functions. This includes the electrical requirements required by the heavy machinery common in manufacturing plants and the proper plumbing to supply sprinkler systems or multiple toilets.

In other buildings, the design is highly decorative. This includes buildings that require a high level of aesthetics, such as museums, restaurants, retail stores and more. In these cases, the use of building materials can be very important to the overall design. Metals, woods and glass can be used to create dynamic designs that are not only functional, but also attractive.

Most homes and office buildings require an architect to strike a balance between functionality and aesthetics. Such building designs need to be welcoming, but also need to take into account important aspects such as construction costs, energy needs and usability. Many times, such plans can be used over and over again, whether within the same office district or park or in other similar developments.

Regardless of the type of structure, the building design must comply with local codes. Codes are rules created by government and regulatory agencies to ensure that structures are built soundly. Such codes can specify things like the required number and location of sprinkler systems in industrial buildings, providing handicapped accessibility in public buildings, and the spacing between risers.

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