What’s a pizza dough mixer?

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Pizza dough mixers are electric appliances used for mixing pizza dough, with special attachments. They can be commercial or household, and come in two types: large horizontal mixers and larger versions of home mixers. Wet ingredients are mixed first, followed by flour, and the dough is kneaded for a few minutes. Small hand mixers or bread makers can also be used.

A pizza dough mixer is a household or commercial electric mixing appliance. Most mixers used to make pizza dough are also used for general mixing purposes, with special attachments suitable for mixing pizza dough. These mixers can be large, heavy commercial appliances or they can be small stand-up or portable home kitchen utensils. Many home bread makers can also be used to mix pizza dough.

A commercial-grade pizza dough mixer comes in two types. One is a large horizontal mixer. These mixers are shaped like large boxes and the ingredients are front loaded into a drum. The mixing arm rotates horizontally in the drum, with different shapes available for different types of dough. The pizza dough attachment resembles the hook attachments on smaller mixers. The other type of commercial pizza mixer is a larger version of a home mixer, with a bowl mounted on a stand and an arm that enters the bowl from the top.

Making pizza dough first requires mixing the wet ingredients. Wet ingredients are always water and oil, and could also include variations such as egg or beer. Yeast may be added as these ingredients are mixed together, but not all pizza dough contains yeast. Once the wet ingredients are mixed, the flour is added slowly and the dough becomes stiff. As the dough is mixed, the gluten in the flour becomes moist and forms strings that make the dough elastic and workable.

Pizza dough can be made by hand, but people who frequently make pizza could use an electric mixer to save labor. Dough with a pizza dough mixer requires two attachments: a whisk or beater for mixing the wet ingredients and a dough hook for mixing the dough as the flour is added. This accessory can be a single hook or spiral shaped arm, or it can be two spiral pieces that rotate in opposite directions. The motor and attachments of the mixer must be strong enough to process stiff dough for several minutes.

Pizza dough is not stiff like bread dough. While bread dough usually needs to be kneaded for up to 15 minutes, pizza dough should only be kneaded enough to make it workable, usually for a few minutes. Often, a small hand mixer with a hook or spiral attachment is strong enough to handle pizza dough in the home kitchen. You can also use a bread maker at home to mix pizza dough. These machines often have a “pizza dough” setting, and most have a timer that shuts the machine off and prevents overmixing.

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