The American Quarter Horse is a breed known for its speed and stocky build. It originated in America and is popular for racing, rodeo, and horse shows. The breed’s history dates back to the early 1600s, and its characteristics include limited white markings, heavy muscles, and a gentle nature. The American Quarter Horse Association is the largest registry in the world, keeping detailed records of all registered horses. The breed comes in 12 colors, and lineage is important for serious investors. Notable horses include King, Go Man Go, Dash for Cash, and Easy Jet.
A quarter horse is a specific breed of horse that is perhaps best known for its speed over short distances and its short, stocky build. This type of breed is originally American, and the American Quarter Horse Association (AQHA) remains the largest registry in the world, although today horses are bred all over the world. Characteristics include limited white markings on the face and below the knees, heavy muscles, and a gentle nature. These horses are usually the most popular choice for racing, jumping and rodeo. Many also participate in formal horse shows, where aspects such as aesthetics and color are judged by judging panels. Lineage is especially important in these kinds of settings. Casual riders aren’t often interested in a horse’s genetic history, but serious investors usually are. Associations like AQHA usually keep detailed records of all registered horses and also typically set rules when it comes to things like blood and family history.
History of the breed
The first horse with quarter characteristics was bred in the early 1600s and is thought to have been a mix of Arabian, Turkish, and Barb breeds. All of these types of horses were brought to America during this period and were crossbred with horses from England and Ireland that were already being used on farms and as a means of transportation. Scholars aren’t sure if the horse was intentionally bred for its strength and speed or if these characteristics emerged more by accident, but they are the defining characteristics of these horses today.
Identification of characteristics
While the breed is most widely known for its prowess in short-distance racing, it is also used to herd cattle, participate in various rodeo events, and for English classes in dressage and show jumping. Quarter horses are usually a little shorter and stockier than other breeds, and their muscle tone is often slightly thickened.
Most have the so-called “sorrel” coloration, which is reddish brown, light brown in color. In addition to sorrel, there are 12 colors accepted by AQHA as “official” or “legitimate” color quarters: brown; Chestnut; grey; dun, which is characterized by a tan body but dark mane and tail; dun red; buckskin; black; laurel, which is a dark chestnut with an almost black mane and fairytale; grullo, which is an often streaked grey-brown colouration; red roan; blue roan; and palamin, which is a cream or off-white color.
Horse heredity questions
The bloodline of the breed has been preserved by AQHA, which sets a strict set of guidelines regarding registration. One of many such guidelines is the fact that every foal must have a sire, or sire, and dam, from an American Quarter Horse. In order to maintain accurate heritage records, AQHA maintains the largest equine registry in the world, with more than 3.7 million registered horses. They keep track of all property records, performance and produce data as well as population data for the breed.
Different horse registries around the world have slightly different specifications, but most default to AQHA’s requirements. In many ways this organization is considered the world authority on race and what it means to be a part of it.
The association’s headquarters are located in Amarillo, Texas, and the American Quarter Horse Heritage Center and Museum is located right next door. The museum is open to the public and boasts a wide variety of research materials, exhibits, informational videos, and hands-on exhibits documenting the history and prevalence of the breed throughout history.
Notable horses through history
Some of the more famous horses to bear this breed designation include King, who set the standard for the breed, and Go Man Go, who dominated the racing scene setting three track records and one world record. Dash for Cash, regarded as one of the greatest sires of racehorses, is also a household name to many in the horseracing world, as is Easy Jet who, as a 2-year-old, has taken 22 wins from 26 starts.