What’s a typical beam?

Print anything with Printful

Common beams are used in sloped roofs and are made of wood lumber. They form the sloping sides of a traditional gable roof and are tied together at the base by ceiling joists. The correct length for each unit can be calculated using online calculators or manufacturer charts. Prefabricated trusses are a faster and more expensive alternative to wood structures.

A common beam is a building component used to construct a sloped roof. These beams are made from wood lumber and form a part of a standard wood framing system. On a traditional gable roof, which features a triangular shape, the common beams form the sloping sides of the triangle. Every roof consists of many common or general purpose beams. The number of common joist units required for any project depends largely on the size and scope of the roof, as well as the distance each unit joist must span.

Each common beam runs from the top of the building’s exterior wall to the peak or ridge of the roof. The beams are tied together at the base by ceiling joists, which run parallel to the floor. A series of small beams, or ties, are used to stabilize each pair of beams halfway up. A single board known as a ridge plate fits between the top of each pair of rafters.

Builders rely on screws or nails to secure each joint beam to the surrounding structural supports. The top end of each beam has an angled or plumb cut, allowing it to fit flush against the ridge plate. The bottom of the common beam is often cut into a pointed shape to accommodate soffits and flashings. A special cutout, known as a bird’s mouth cutout, is used to allow the beam to sit snugly on top of exterior walls.

It is important when choosing a joint beam to calculate the correct length for each unit. Builders and installers can use a variety of tools to determine beam sizing, including online calculators and manufacturer charts. Most construction calculators also incorporate a rafter sizing function. Typically, the strut length is a factor of the overall span, or width, as well as the pitch or slope of the roof.

In many parts of the world, builders have switched from standard wood frames to prefabricated trusses. These trusses feature a triangular shape, incorporating two common beams and a connecting roof beam. Metal plates and other fasteners are used to join these components. These common trellis units typically cost more than wood structures, but they also offer many benefits to builders and homeowners. They allow contractors to build a roof much faster than traditional methods, which can reduce labor costs and shorten project scheduling.

Protect your devices with Threat Protection by NordVPN

Skip to content