Artistic gymnastics is a sport that involves short routines on equipment designed for the sport. It requires balance, strength, and flexibility, and is divided into programs for men and women. The sport uses various apparatus and has a complex scoring system. The International Gymnastics Federation governs the sport, and the Code of Points is used for scoring. The sport has been a fixture of the Olympic Games since 1896.
Artistic gymnastics is a dynamic sport in which gymnasts complete short routines on equipment specifically designed for the sport. The game is known for its artistry and grace, and requires gymnasts to display exceptional balance, strength, and flexibility while doing somersaults, somersaults, and other acrobatic moves. Although there are other disciplines of gymnastics, artistic gymnastics is generally the best known to the general public. Indeed, it can be defined as the classic or traditional discipline of this sport. The popular sport uses various apparatus for men’s and women’s events, is performed by elite athletes at the Olympic level, and uses a complex scoring system.
At a competitive level, artistic gymnastics is usually divided into separate programs for men and women, with some differences and similarities in the apparatus used. The vault, for example, is found in both men’s and women’s competitions. In case, gymnasts run up to the vault, jump using a trampoline, and place their hands on the vault for leverage. As the gymnast is pushed into the air, she completes twists and other movements. Floor exercises, which involve jumping and tumbling routines performed on a spring floor, are also found in competitions for both genders.
Two other events are found in women’s artistic gymnastics. One such event is the balance beam, which requires the gymnast to balance on a flat wooden board placed several feet off the ground as she twists and turns. The other is that of the irregular bars, which uses an apparatus consisting of two horizontal bars placed at different heights from the floor level and several meters apart. As the gymnast swings and jumps between the two bars, she tries to stay in constant motion and complete rotations and aerial movements.
Men’s Artistic Gymnastics features two events that use bars. Parallel bars are similar to women’s parallel bars but use a pair of horizontal bars. Men also compete in the high bar, which consists of a single horizontal bar placed 8 feet (2.5 meters) above the ground. The event is all about power and strength, and the men generally perform somersaults and twists while fully rotating around the bar.
In men’s artistic gymnastics, the event generally thought to require the most strength is the sill rings. The apparatus consists of two parallel rings hung from straps. Holding rings in each hand, the men swing and display precision by holding the moves in place. Men also compete on the pommel horse, a long beam with pommels on each side. Supporting all of their body weight on their hands, male gymnasts perform various body movements, such as leg swings and handstands.
Ever since the modern Olympic Games began in 1896, gymnastics has remained a fixture of the games. Generally, Olympic gymnastics is divided into team, all-around, and individual event sessions. In team preliminaries, elite gymnasts who have made it to their national teams compete in all events and the cumulative scores decide which teams advance to the finals, where medals are awarded. The scores from this round also determine which gymnast will advance to compete in the individual event finals and all-around finals, which will combine the gymnasts’ scores on all apparatus.
The International Gymnastics Federation governs artistic gymnastics and international scoring is usually done using a defined scoring system called the Code of Points. According to the code, two judging panels evaluate each exercise routine. The first panel assigns a score that evaluates the difficulty of the routine, the connecting elements and the demonstration of the skills required. Using 10.0 as the starting score, the second judging panel deducts points based on improper execution, falls or problems with technique. The two scores are combined to determine the overall score.