What’s Globalization?

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Globalization refers to countries coming together economically, socially, and politically, and seeing themselves as part of the world. It brings people closer together, reduces poverty, and promotes world peace. However, some resist it due to fears of Westernization or job loss. It is unlikely to end soon and will continue to affect the world in various ways.

Globalization is a difficult term to define because it has come to mean so many things. Broadly speaking, the term refers to the trend towards countries coming together economically, through education, society and politics, and seeing themselves not only through their national identity but also as part of the world as a whole. Globalization is said to bring people of all nations closer together, especially through a common medium such as the economy or the Internet.

In our world, there are few places that a person cannot reach in a day’s travel and few people that a person cannot reach via telephone or the Internet. Due to modern modes of travel and communication, citizens of a nation are more aware of the world at large and can be influenced by other cultures in various ways. Time and space matter less, and even language barriers are overcome as people around the world communicate through commerce, internet social forums, various media sources, and a variety of other ways.

Arguments for globalization include the following:
It is reducing poverty around the world.
Allows access to technology in developing countries.
Promotes world peace.
It benefited women’s and children’s rights.
Increase life expectancy.

The arguments against the trial are more likely to come from people or nations who wish to resist trends in global society. For example, a fundamentalist Islamic country may resist because it sees it as equivalent to Westernization, which weakens a country’s religious strength and exposes its people to corrupting ideas. Similarly, globalization can be feared or worrying for any country with a strong isolationist policy. In the United States, many of the arguments to stand trial come from conservative groups.

Some people worry about how certain trends, like outsourcing, might affect the nation. There is concern that while outsourcing might benefit a nation that gets jobs, it takes jobs from the country or company that outsources. Thus, although the world’s economy is more globalized, the economy of a single nation may suffer.

While globalization may be up for discussion, it is highly unlikely to end anytime soon. It would take the mass destruction of all modern methods of communication and transportation, plus all countries adopting strong isolationist policies to turn the tide in the world. That doesn’t mean that some nations or people won’t resist what they see as globalization, but you could compare this trend to a runaway train. At this point, there is little that can be done to stop the communication of minds worldwide through vehicles such as the Internet. Teenagers and children also communicate with children from the “four corners” of the globe. Globalization is therefore unlikely to experience a downward trend and likely continue to affect our world in myriad ways.

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