Which animals are hunted in North America?

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Hunting in North America involves big game, small game, predators, fur animals, birds, and vermin. Hunters are required to have a license and purchase tags for each animal killed. Hunting quotas are set by regional wildlife agencies.

Many people hunt animals for food or for sport. Animals hunted in North America can be divided into several categories: big game, small game, predators, fur animals and birds. Some of the more popular types of animals hunted in North America include deer, moose, moose, and pheasants. Most North American hunters use shotguns or bows and arrows to hunt.

Large animals

Big game hunting involves chasing large animals. In North America, these animals include mule deer, white-tailed deer, moose, elk, and caribou. Other big game animals include wild boars, big horn sheep, and javelins. Bison, or buffalo, are also considered large animals, but they were hunted nearly to extinction during the 1800s and early 1900s, so it was made illegal to hunt them in most of North America.

Other game types

Typical North American small game animals include hares, rabbits, raccoons, squirrels, and opossums. Fur-bearing animals include those that are usually hunted more for their pelts and skins than for their meat, such as foxes, beavers, mink, bobcats, and muskrats. Predators that are hunted include bears, coyotes, mountain lions, and cougars. Birds hunted include grouse, pheasants, quail, turkeys and waterfowl such as ducks and geese.


Hunting for vermin, or parasites, is also common in North America. Creatures classified as varmints are usually small mammals and are hunted as vermin, so their populations must be kept in manageable numbers. Uncontrolled pest populations often result in damage to crops and livestock. Animals that are often considered pests include wild rabbits, squirrels, marmots, foxes and raccoons. Hunting for vermin is tightly regulated in many places because vermin populations and their impact on local farmers and ranchers are closely monitored.


In most places in North America, hunters are required to have a hunting license issued in the jurisdiction where they intend to hunt. The species and number of animals that can be hunted are typically limited, and hunters must purchase a tag for each animal killed. When the number of people who want to hunt a certain type of animal in a particular area is greater than the number of that animal that can be killed during a specific time period, hunting tags could be awarded through sweepstakes. Hunting quotas are usually set by regional wildlife agencies.

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