Freshwater fishing lures aim to entice fish to strike, with subtypes including high water, suspended, and bottom lures. The choice of lure depends on the situation and target species, with success requiring an understanding of fish patterns and lure presentation. Deep sea lures include straight and fly lures, while hanging lures include crank, spoon, and spinner lures. Bottom lures are soft baits meant to simulate prey along the bottom. Each type of lure is recovered at a different pace and is effective in different water depths.
Freshwater fishing lures are a gamble and are made from many different materials to act in many different ways. In general, the goal of a freshwater fishing lure is simple: to entice the fish to strike. The more aggressive the strike, the greater the chances of the fish being hooked and landed. Freshwater fishing lures can be divided into three main subtypes: high water, suspended lures, and bottom lures.
The choice of which freshwater fishing lure to use, or even which sub-type to use, depends on the situation and the target species. Figuring this out can take a great deal of time and experience, learned mostly through a process of trial and error. The determination of fish patterns is also highly dependent on water conditions. Success with fishing lures means understanding these patterns, as well as the presentation and speed of the lure itself. A number of things need to fit together correctly for good lure fishing.
For example, those targeting largemouth bass would do well to understand that they tend to feed in shallower water, near the surface, near dusk and dawn. In summer they tend to retreat to deeper water during the heat of the day. This will certainly have an impact on which fishing lures are used.
Deep sea fishing lures tend to include straight lures that look like fish or fly lures used in fly fishing. These fishing lures are usually tough, but they don’t necessarily have to be. They are also used to catch a wide variety of species such as bass, walleye, crappie and others. They can be recovered slowly or quickly, depending on the situation.
Hanging fishing lures also include a number of different hard and soft lures, the most common of which are crank lures, spoons and spinner lures. Each is a good bait to use for schools of fish that hang between the top and bottom in water 10 feet or more. They are meant to be recovered at a relatively fast pace.
Bottom fishing lures tend to be soft baits, such as plastic worms or other types of soft plastic lures meant to simulate life that fish can find some kind of attractive prey along the bottom. They are usually recovered relatively slowly. They are designed to move in a way that triggers the instinctive strike response. They are often very effective when used in shallow water, but lose some of their effectiveness in water more than 20 feet deep.