Gymnastics routines are scored based on the degree of difficulty and execution of each element, with an initial value score used to achieve equal execution. The initial value is based on a 9.40-point scale and is calculated by adding the degree of difficulty and execution for each element. Bonus points are available for attempting higher difficulty moves, but deductions can be made for mistakes or incorrect execution.
In gymnastics, the starting value is based on the degree of difficulty of the routine being performed. The baseline is derived from the ratings of each element of the routine and includes the execution score to provide a gymnast’s gross score for a routine. An initial value is used to help achieve equal executions of routines of varying degrees of difficulty and is based on a 9.40-point scale.
Gymnastics routines during competitions are divided into four or five different elements, encompassing different skills. Each element has varying degrees of difficulty, based on a specific rating system. The degree of difficulty and execution for each element is added to equal the initial value of the routine.
If in a gymnastics competition, a gymnast does a hand leap, a very simple movement, and does it perfectly, her execution will be judged perfectly. If in the same competition a different gymnast performs a tsuk, a very difficult skill, and she does it perfectly, her performance will also be scored perfectly. With only an execution-based score, the gymnasts would tie the competition. With the initial value score, the gymnast performing the tsuk would start with a higher initial value due to the more difficult move. Perfect execution scores would be added to the starting values and the tsuk would score higher than the hand spring each time.
The initial value is calculated on a scale of 0.2 points for the first (A) move of the routine, 0.4 for the second (B), 0.6 for the third (C) and 0.8 for the fourth (D). Each letter-rated element has a number of exercises that can be performed at that particular level, progressing to higher and lower difficulty moves in the alphabet. Another possible 2.0 points are included for building up the exercise, called a combination. The execution is on a total of 4.4 points and 0.6 points are available for bonus scoring, if another move rated D or E is attempted.
Gymnastics is achieved by subtracting points, not adding them. With an initial value of 9.40 points, a referee can deduct points if a gymnast fails to perform a particular letter-rated move, if a move is not performed correctly, if the exercise is not constructed correctly, or if a player lands out of bounds. The only points that can be added to the starting value are bonus points, and these points never exceed a level higher than 10. A perfect score in organized gymnastics competitions is extremely rare.