26 countries participated in the 2012 Paralympic Games in London. Some countries sent more athletes to the Paralympics than to the Olympics. Athletes must have recognized disabilities to participate in the Paralympics, which featured 20 sports in 2012.
In 2012, 26 countries sent athletes to the Paralympic Games in London. Bosnia, Iraq, Iran, Rwanda and Thailand have actually sent more athletes to the Paralympics than to the Olympics. Britain sent 295 competitors to the Paralympics, the most of any country, followed by China’s 291 athletes.
More information on the Paralympics:
To participate in the Paralympics, an athlete must have at least one of the disabilities recognized by the International Paralympic Committee. Disabilities are generally grouped into three categories: physical disabilities, vision disabilities, and intellectual disabilities. There are several sub-categories of disabilities that are recognized in each category.
The 2012 Summer Paralympics featured 20 sports. The Winter Paralympics have featured five.
Visually impaired Paralympic competitors and their guides are considered a team and both are eligible to win medals.