Track and field events require different equipment, from shoes and clothing to hurdles and disc drives. The most common equipment includes spikes, jerseys, and tracksuits. Training equipment includes parachutes and cones. Pole vaulting requires a specially designed pole, crossbar, and box. High jump and long jump require sand pits, barriers, and cushions.
Different track and field events will require different types of equipment, from shoes and clothing to hurdles, disc drives and other items used in competition. The most common track and field equipment includes items that are worn, such as track and field spikes, running jerseys and shorts, tracksuits, and so on. Other equipment is more specific to the activity: the pole used in pole vaulting, for example, or the mats used to cushion the pole vaulter’s landing. One of the biggest pieces of equipment is the specially designed running track which is usually made of rubber pieces.
Athletics equipment will also include items designed for training. Racing parachutes, for example, attach to a harness worn by the runner. The parachute will catch air as the runner sprints or runs, thus creating more resistance for strength and endurance training. The small plastic cones are useful for almost any track and field event; this important track and field equipment can be used by runners to measure distance, work on agility and so on. They are useful tools for cross-training purposes in most track and field, not just track and field events.
Hurdles are required for many events, such as pole vaulting and hurdles. The hurdles themselves can be made of wood, plastic or metal and must be strong enough to withstand impacts if a runner fails to clear the barrier. The top rung of the hurdle is sometimes designed to break off on impact if a runner fails to clear it, while others are designed to simply fall over when hit.
Pole vaulters require a few specially designed pieces of equipment. The pole itself is obviously designed specifically for this activity and the weight and flex of the pole can vary depending on the vaulter’s needs. The pole vault crossbar is mounted on a jump stand which is adjustable so that the bar can be raised as the vaulter seeks out new heights. The pole vault box is the unit on the ground where the end of the pole is pivoted so that the vaulter can propel himself up. The box can come in a variety of styles and functions, as well as materials.
Other jumping events such as the high jump and long jump require track and field equipment specifically designed for that activity. Sand pits are used during the long jump, and a rake is required to smooth the sand after a jumper lands in it. Barriers are needed for high jumpers, as are cushions they can land on after the jump.