What’s a plucker?

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A plucker is a machine used to remove feathers from poultry during processing. It can handle various types of birds, but heavier birds may cause problems. Plucking methods include wet, dry, and wax. The process is forceful but does not damage the bird’s skin or muscle tissue.

A plucker is an automated machine made to pluck feathers from poultry and is usually used in poultry processing to pluck dead birds. Most plucking units can process many types of poultry, although some may have problems with heavier birds such as turkeys. Depending on the model and method, it takes most pluckers one to six minutes to completely pluck all the feathers from a bird. There are several methods of plucking and common methods include wet, dry and wax. This machine often applies a lot of force to de-feather poultry, but does not normally damage the skin.

Most plucking units are capable of handling many types of birds. For example, a machine may be able to process ducks, chickens, quails and wild birds without problems. Heavier birds, such as large ducks and turkeys, can be tough on some machines. This means that the user does not have to process a bird that is too heavy for the plucker; otherwise, it may jam or the poultry may not be completely plucked.

There are many types of plucking units and most of them can pluck a bird in a similar amount of time. Fast models can complete the plucking in about a minute, while slower models take up to six minutes. Slower models may be more efficient, because faster models tend to be slightly more likely to leave some feathers intact. Most machines also have a chute that allows all features to slide easily out of the machine once removed.

Depending on user preferences and the type of poultry they are working with, different plucking methods can be used to best remove the feathers. The dry method uses no liquid and has no initial preparation; the bird is plucked as it is. With the wet method, the bird will normally be immersed in boiling water by the machine, which normally helps loosen and remove the feathers. Wax plucking is normally used for birds with larger feathers, and the wax adds weight to the feathers, making them easier to remove from the machine.

When a plucker works on poultry, the process is rarely smooth and delicate. Rather, the bird is typically tossed or turned with a lot of speed and force to best remove the feathers. Although a lot of force is applied, most plucking units do not harm the bird. This means that the skin and muscle tissue will be intact and only the feathers will be removed.

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