Drifting is a driving technique that has become a sport, requiring high skill levels. It involves intentionally steering the car so that the front slip angle is less than the rear slip angle. Drifting can be advantageous in many situations, but it requires control to avoid danger. Drifting competitions judge drivers on speed, angle, line, and spectacle, and are held under controlled conditions. However, it is also a problem when attempted on public roads.
Drifting is a competitive driving technique that over time has become a sport in its own right. Requiring a high level of skill on the part of the driver, drifting is often employed in high-speed competitions around the world, including the D1 Grand Prix in Japan.
The basic result of drifting is to steer the vehicle so that the front slip angle of the car is less than the rear slip angle. This requires the car’s front wheels to be intentionally pointed in the opposite direction of the vehicle’s roll. Drifting has been a part of the professional racing sport for a number of years, commonly employed in motorsport competitions such as rally racing, dirt track racing, and national competitions such as Grand Prix.
Drifting is a procedure that can be advantageous in many situations. A competent professional driver can use drift to gain an advantage in a turn, as well as turning the car sideways to prevent another vehicle from making a direct pass. Much of the success of using the drift depends on the driver’s ability to control the maneuver so that the drift does not degenerate into an uncontrolled fishtail, a situation that puts the driver and other competitors in great danger.
Since the 1970s, drifting has gained much attention as a competitive sport in its own right. Drivers are often judged on a set of criteria by a panel of experts. In general, the vehicles used in these competitions will be rear-wheel drive cars, which can help drivers maintain a fair speed while staying in a lateral position for an extended period. Elements that are often part of the evaluation include speed, angle, line, and spectacle. In various parts of the world, the impact of each of these items on the final score varies slightly. There are usually two sessions, with the first session more or less qualifying who will be allowed to compete in the final session. In some drifting competitions, the individual competitor is not only judged on his technique, but also on angle, line, and speed compared to the leading car in the competition.
Professional drift competitions are held under controlled conditions. However, there are enthusiastic drifting hobbyists who sometimes attempt to replicate the process on public roads. This has emerged as a problem in several countries, especially Saudi Arabia and Japan.